Adverbs in Tulu

Adverbs of Time:

Interrogatives:
Tulu
Kannada
English
Epa
yAvAga
When

Demonstrative:
Tulu
Kannada
English
ittae
Iga
Now
ekAD
Aga / AvAga
At that time / Sometime ago
apaga
AvAga
Then / At that time
ini
indu, ivattu
Today
Ani
Avattu
That day

Miscellaneous:
Tulu
Kannada
English
bokka
matte, AmEle , nantara
After  / Later
kODae
ninne
Yesterday
ellae
nALe
tomorrow
murani
monne
Day before yesterday
ellanji
nALiddu
Day after tomorrow
I vAra
I vAra
This week
pOyi vAra
hOda vAra
Last Week
barpi vAra
baruva vAra
Next week
I tingol
I tingaLu
This month
pOyi tingol
hOda tingaLu
Last month
barpi tingol
baruva tingaLu
Next month
I varsa / IvoDu
I varsha
This year
pOyina varsa / mUvoDu
hOda varsha
Last year
munnoDu
hOda varshada hindina varsha
Year before last year
dumbag
baruva varsha / bhavishyadalli
Next year / In the future
barpi varsa
baruva varsha
Next year
pulya /pulyakkala
munjAne
Dawn / Early morning
kANDae / bolpugu
beLagge
Morning
madyana
madhyAhna
Noon / Afternoon
bayya
sanje
Evening
rAtrae
rAtri
Night
naDir / naDirl
madhya rAtri
Midnight
pagel
hagalu
Day time
ekADe / apagane
avAglE
Already
inchipa
ittIche
Recently
bEga
bEga
Soon
kaDEsa
taDa
Late
kaDes’d / tarid / portAd
taDavAgi
Lately
nana / kuDa
innu
Henceforth / again
nanala / kuDala
innU
Still / yet
dumbu
hindina kAla
Ago / Past time / Old days
dumbu
modalu
Before
dumb'nAni
hindina dina
Previous Day
manadAni
mArane dina
Next Day

     Adverbs of Frequency:

Tulu
Kannada
English
Epola
yAvAgalU
Always / Any time
EpANDala
yAvAgalAdarU
Whenever
ora
omme
Once
orala
ommeyU
Even once
EpANDala ora
yAvAgalAdarU omme
Once in a long time
oravora / kelavora
ommomme / kelavomme
Once in a while, sometimes
apagapaga / gaDi gaDi
AgAga
Now and then, frequently
aparUpa
aparUpa
Seldom, Rarely
dinOla
dinAlU / prati dina
Daily / every day
nana / kuDa
matte / punah
Again
nanora / kuDora
innomme / mattomme
Once again / Once more
mAmUlAd
mAmUlAgi
Usually

Adverbs of Place:

Interrogatives:
Tulu
Kannada
English
olpa / Olu
elli
Where
ODe
elli(ge)
To where / Whither
onchi
Eche
Whither (towards what place)
oyiTe
elli
In which place / Where

Demonstrative:
Tulu
Kannada
English
mulpa / mUlu
illi
Here
alpa / aulu
alli
There
iDe
illi(ge)
To this place / Hither
aDe
alli(ge)
To that place / Thither
inchi
Iche
Hither (towards this place)
anchi
Ache
Thither (towards that place)
neTe
illi
In this place / Here
aiTe
alli
In that place / There
ikara
itta kaDe
To this side
akara
atta kaDe
To that side

Miscellaneous:
Tulu
Kannada
English
ulai
oLage
inside
pidai
horage
outside
tirt
keLage
Down / below
mitt
mEle
Above / Upon
aDi
aDi
Under
A mey
A badi
That side
I mey
I badi
This side
vA mey
yAva badi
Which side
mAtalpa / mAta meyi
ellA kaDe
everywhere
Olla (Olu+la)
ellU
Anywhere / Somewhere
OlaNDala
ellAdarU
Wherever / Somewhere
Ola (Olu+a)
ellO
Somewhere
ODela, ODeyANDala
elligAdaru
To anywhere / To somewhere
ODena
elligO
To somewhere
dUra
dUra
To distant place
kaital / muTTa
hattira
Near
bariT
badiyalli
Adjacent / On the side
naDuT
madyadalli
In the middle
sutta / suttala
suttalU
around
mUDai
pUrva
East
paDDai
pashchima
West
baDakai
uttara
North
tenkai
dakshiNa
South
dumbu / eduru
munde
Front
pira / piravu
hinde
Back / Behind
datta mey
eDagaDe
Left side
balatta mey
balagaDe
Right side

These adverbs are inflected in only some cases:

Locative (In, On)
Instrumental (From)
Dative  (To)
Genitive (Of)
Olu – Where
mUlu- Here
aulu – There
Olla – Anywhere / Somewhere

oltu / oltuDd – From where
multu / multuDd – From here
altu / altuDd – From there
oltuDd’la – From anywhere/somewhere
-
olta – Of where
multa – Of here
alta – Of there
oltala – Of anywhere/somewhere
olpa – Where
mulpa – Here
alpa – There
olpala – Anywhere / Somewhere
olpaDd – From where
mulpaDd – From here
alpaDd – From there
olpaDd’la – From anywhere / somewhere
-
olpada – Of where
mulpada – Of here
alpada – Of there
olpadala – Of anywhere / somewhere
-
-
ODe / ODeg- To where
iDe – Hither
aDe – Thither
ODela / ODegla – To anywhere / somewhere
-
-
onchiDd – From which way
inchiDd – From this way
anchiDd – From that way
onchiDd’la – From anywhere/some where
onchi / onchig – Towards what place
inchi – Towards this place
anchi - Towards that place
onchila – towards anywhere / somewhere
onchida – of where (direction)
inchida – of this way
anchida – of that way
onchidala – of any/some   where
oyiTe – In which place
neTe – In this place
aiTe- In that place
oyiTela – In any place/some place
oyiTeDd – From which place
neTeDd – From this place
aiTeDd – From that place
oyiTeDd’la – From any place / some place
-
oyiTeda – of which place
neTeda – of this place
aiTeda – of that place
oyiTeDala – of any place / some place
ulai / ulaiD – inside
pidai / pidaiD – outside
ulaiDd – From inside
pidaiDd – From outside
ulai / ulaig – To inside
pidai / pidaig – To outside
ulaida – of inside
pidaida – of outside
tirt / tirt'D – down
mitt / mitt’D – Upon
tirt'Dd – From down
mitt’Dd – From above

tirt / tirt’g – Downward
mitt / mitt’g - Upward
tirt'da – of below

mitt’da – of above

Adverbs of Manner:


Interrogatives:
Tulu
Kannada
English
encha
hEge
How

Demonstrative:
Tulu
Kannada
English
incha
hIge
Thus, Like this
ancha
hAge
Thus, like that

Miscellaneous:
Tulu
Kannada
English
enchala
hEgU
Any how / Somehow
enchANDala
hEgAdarU
Somehow
jOruDu / jOrAd
jOrAgi
loudly
bIsa
bEga / vEga
Fast / Speed
mella
mella / mettage
Softly
melAne
nidhAnavAgi
Slowly
rappa / rapakka / pakka
pakkane / kUDale /takshaNa
Quickly / Immediately
orAne
ommele
At once, suddenly
sariT
sariyAgi
Correctly / Properly
sulabaD
sulabhavAgi
Easily
jAgrateD
jAgrateyinda
Carefully
shOkuDu / porluDu
sundaravAgi / chennAgi
Beautifully
eDDae / eDDeD
chennAgi / oLLe
Well
ushAr
hushAru, chennAgi
Fine, Clever
nijavAd
nijavAgi
Truly / Actually
oTTugu
oTTige
Together
bhayankaravAd
bhayankaravAgi
Terribly
kOpoDu
kOpadinda
Angrily
samadAnoDu / samadAna Ad
tALmeyinda
Patiently
pokkaDae
summane
Simply, In vain
guTTuDu / guTTAd
guTTAgi
Secretly
kushiT
kushiyAgi
Gladly / Happily
sukhoTu
sukhavAgi
Happily
bangoDu
kashTadalli
With Difficulty
gati dAntae
gati illade
Helplessly
nilae dAntae
nele illade
Homelessly
jAgratae dAntae
jAgrate illade
Carelessly

Adverbs of Purpose:

Tulu
Kannada
English
dAyae
Eke
Why
inchAd
hIgAgi
Because of this, So
anchAd
hAgAgi
Because of that, So
aik, aikAd, aikAtra
adakke, adakkAgi
Therefore, for that reason
aiDdAvara
Addarinda
Therefore, Because of it

2 comments:

  1. Thank you Kiran. This is so useful, have started learning from this page. Well explained in tulu kannada and english.looking for more such examples for Tulu language.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Hi Kiran, this has been very helpful in learning tulu. Could you please make a list of prepositions as well.

    ReplyDelete