Thursday, 28 July 2016

Tulu Lesson 27: Adverbs – Part 2

namaskAra! Welcome back!

Today, we are going to learn adverbs of place. An adverb of place tells us where something is done or happens.

Adverbs of Place:

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Interrogatives:
Tulu
Kannada
English
olpa / Olu
elli
Where
ODe
elli(ge)
To where / Whither
onchi
Eche
Whither (towards what place)
oyiTe
elli
In which place / Where

Demonstrative:
Tulu
Kannada
English
mulpa / mUlu
illi
Here
alpa / aulu
alli
There
iDe
illi(ge)
To this place / Hither
aDe
alli(ge)
To that place / Thither
inchi
Iche
Hither (towards this place)
anchi
Ache
Thither (towards that place)
neTe
illi
In this place / Here
aiTe
alli
In that place / There
ikara
itta kaDe
To this side
akara
atta kaDe
To that side

Miscellaneous:
Tulu
Kannada
English
ulai
oLage
inside
pidai
horage
outside
tirt
keLage
Down / below
mitt
mEle
Above / Upon
aDi
aDi
Under
A mey
A badi
That side
I mey
I badi
This side
vA mey
yAva badi
Which side
mAtalpa / mAta meyi
ellA kaDe
everywhere
Olla (Olu+la)
ellU
Anywhere / Somewhere
OlaNDala
ellAdarU
Wherever / Somewhere
Ola (Olu+a)
ellO
Somewhere
ODela, ODeyANDala
elligAdaru
To anywhere / To somewhere
ODena
elligO
To somewhere
dUra
dUra
To distant place
kaital / muTTa
hattira
Near
bariT
badiyalli
Adjacent / On the side
naDuT
madyadalli
In the middle
sutta / suttala
suttalU
around
mUDai
pUrva
East
paDDai
pashchima
West
baDakai
uttara
North
tenkai
dakshiNa
South
dumbu / eduru
munde
Front
pira / piravu
hinde
Back / Behind
datta mey
eDagaDe
Left side
balatta mey
balagaDe
Right side

These adverbs are inflected in only some cases:

Locative (In, On)
Instrumental (From)
Dative  (To)
Genitive (Of)
Olu – Where
mUlu- Here
aulu – There
Olla – Anywhere / Somewhere

oltu / oltuDd – From where
multu / multuDd – From here
altu / altuDd – From there
oltuDd’la – From anywhere/somewhere
-
olta – Of where
multa – Of here
alta – Of there
oltala – Of anywhere/somewhere
olpa – Where
mulpa – Here
alpa – There
olpala – Anywhere / Somewhere
olpaDd – From where
mulpaDd – From here
alpaDd – From there
olpaDd’la – From anywhere / somewhere
-
olpada – Of where
mulpada – Of here
alpada – Of there
olpadala – Of anywhere / somewhere
-
-
ODe / ODeg- To where
iDe – Hither
aDe – Thither
ODela / ODegla – To anywhere / somewhere
-
-
onchiDd – From which way
inchiDd – From this way
anchiDd – From that way
onchiDd’la – From anywhere/some where
onchi / onchig – Towards what place
inchi – Towards this place
anchi - Towards that place
onchila – towards anywhere / somewhere
onchida – of where (direction)
inchida – of this way
anchida – of that way
onchidala – of any/some where
oyiTe – In which place
neTe – In this place
aiTe- In that place
oyiTela – In any place/some place
oyiTeDd – From which place
neTeDd – From this place
aiTeDd – From that place
oyiTeDd’la – From any place / some place
-
oyiTeda – of which place
neTeda – of this place
aiTeda – of that place
oyiTeDala – of any place / some place
ulai / ulaiD – inside
pidai / pidaiD – outside
ulaiDd – From inside
pidaiDd – From outside
ulai / ulaig – To inside
pidai / pidaig – To outside
ulaida – of inside
pidaida – of outside
tirt / tirt'D – down
mitt / mitt’D – Upon
tirt'Dd – From down
mitt’Dd – From above

tirt / tirt’g – Downward
mitt / mitt’g - Upward
tirt'da – of below

mitt’da – of above


Examples:

Tulu: (I) Olla?
English: Where are you?
Kannada: elliddIya?

Tulu: (au) ONDu?
English: Where is it?
Kannada: ellide?

“Olla?’’ and “ONDu” are the short forms for “Olu ulla?” and “Olu uNDu?” respectively.

yAn Ollae? – Where am I?
I Olla? – Where are you?
Aye/imbe Olle? – Where is he?
Al/mOlu Ollal? – Where is she?
au/undu ONDu? – Where is it?
nama/enkulu Olla? – Where are we?
Ir/nikulu Ollar? – Where are you?
akulu/mokulu/Ar/mEr Oller – Where are they?
undekulu/aikulu Olla? – Where are they?

Tulu: Ar ODe pOyer?
English: Where did he/she go?
Kannada: avaru ellige hOdaru?

Tulu: ninna ill olpa?
English: Where is your home?
Kannada: ninna mane elli?

Tulu: nikulu oltu battini?
English: From where did you come?
Kannda: nIvu ellinda bandaddu?

Tulu: nikulu oyiTeDd pidaDuvar?
English: From which place you will depart?
Kannda: nIvu ellinda horaDuviri?

Tulu: gAli onchiDd bIjonduNDu?
English: From which way wind is blowing?
Kannada: gAli yAva kaDe yinda bIsuttide?

Tulu: ADe pO
English: Go there (to the particular place)
Kannada: allige hOgu

Tulu: anchi pO
English: Go there (anywhere but in the particular direction/way)
Kannada: Ache hOgu

Tulu: vantae akara pOle
English: Move away a bit
Kannada: svalpa Ache (atta) hOgi

Tulu: aulu tUla
English: Look there
Kannada: alli nODu

Tulu: anchi tUla
English: Look away
Kannada: Ache nODu

Tulu: pustakan mUlu dIle
English: Put the book here
Kannada: pustakavannu illi iDi

Tulu: A pustakan iDe kanale
English: Bring that book here
Kannada: A pustakavannu illige tanni

Tulu: enna ajjill kaital’D uNDu
English: My grand mother’s house is nearby.
Kannada: nanna ajji mane hattiradallide

Tulu: puchchae mEjida aDiT deng’d kullonduNDu
English: The cat is hiding under the table.
Kannada: bekku mEjinaDiyalli aDagi kUtide

Tulu: kappal tenkaig pONDu
English: The ship sailed southwards
Kannada: haDagu dakshiNakke hOytu

Tulu: Aye ennanchi barondulle
English: He is coming towards me
Kannada: avanu nanna kaDe bartA iddAne

Tulu: anchinchi pOvoDchi
English: Don’t go here and there
Kannada: AchIche hOgabEDa

Tulu: ODela pOvoDchi
English: Don’t go anywhere
Kannada: elligU hOgabEDa

Tulu: Olla untoDchi
English: Don’t stop anywhere
Kannada: ellU nillabEDa

Tulu: akulu ODena pOyer
English: They went somewhere
Kannada: avaru elligO hOdaru

Tulu: Aye mUle Ola uppoDu
English: He must be somewhere here
Kannada: avanu ille ellO irabEku

Tulu: nama ulai pOyi
English: Let us go inside
Kannada: nAvu oLage hOgONa

Tulu: jOkulu pidaiD gobbondulla
English: The kids are playing outside
Kannada: makkaLu horage ADtA iddAre

Tulu: Al iDe baidijal
English: She has not come here
Kannada: avaLu illige baralilla

Tulu: (enkulu) ninan mAta kaDeTla nADiya
English: We were looking for you everywhere
Kannada: (nAvu) ninnannu ellA kaDeyallU huDukidevu

Tulu: kaital’D Olla post office uNDa?
English: Is there a post office anywhere nearby?
Kannada: hattiradalli elladarU post office ideya?

Tulu: mulpa bath room ONDu?
English: Where is bath room here?
Kannada: illi bath room ellide?

Tulu: Ar enna piravuDuller
English: He/She is behind me
Kannada: avaru nanna hinde iddAre

Tulu: I enna eduruD itta
English: You were in front of me
Kannada: nInu nanna edurige idde

Tulu: sIda pOdu, datta meyk tirg’le
English: Go straight and turn left
Kannada: nEra hOgi, eDagaDege tirugi

Tulu: dumbu pOle
English: move forward
Kannada: munde hOgi

Tulu: pira bale
English: Come back
Kannada: hinde banni

Tulu: Aye maroDdu tirt jattondulle
English: He is getting down from the tree
Kannada: avanu maradinda keLage iLiyuttiddAne

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See you next week!

solmelu!

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