Friday, 5 August 2016

Tulu Lesson 28: Adverbs – Part 3

namaskAra! Welcome back!

Today, we are going to learn adverbs of manner and purpose. An adverb of manner tells us how something is done or happens. Adverbs of purpose describe why something happens.

Adverbs of Manner:

learn tulu


Interrogatives:
Tulu
Kannada
English
encha
hEge
How

Demonstrative:
Tulu
Kannada
English
incha
hIge
Thus, Like this
ancha
hAge
Thus, like that

Miscellaneous:
Tulu
Kannada
English
enchala
hEgU
Any how / Somehow
enchANDala
hEgAdarU
Somehow
jOruDu / jOrAd
jOrAgi
loudly
bIsa
bEga / vEga
Fast / Speed
mella
mella / mettage
Softly
melAne
nidhAnavAgi
Slowly
rappa / rapakka / pakka
pakkane / kUDale /takshaNa
Quickly / Immediately
orAne
ommele
At once, suddenly
sariT
sariyAgi
Correctly / Properly
sulabaD
sulabhavAgi
Easily
jAgrateD
jAgrateyinda
Carefully
shOkuDu / porluDu
sundaravAgi / chennAgi
Beautifully
eDDae / eDDeD
chennAgi / oLLe
Well
ushAr
hushAru, chennAgi
Fine, Clever
nijavAd
nijavAgi
Truly / Actually
oTTugu
oTTige
Together
bhayankaravAd
bhayankaravAgi
Terribly
kOpoDu
kOpadinda
Angrily
samadAnoDu / samadAna Ad
tALmeyinda
Patiently
pokkaDae
summane
Simply, In vain
guTTuDu / guTTAd
guTTAgi
Secretly
kushiT
kushiyAgi
Gladly / Happily
sukhoTu
sukhavAgi
Happily
bangoDu
kashTadalli
With Difficulty
gati dAntae
gati illade
Helplessly
nilae dAntae
nele illade
Homelessly
jAgratae dAntae
jAgrate illade
Carelessly

Most of the adverbs of manner are used in locative case or formed by affixing ‘Ad’ (Past gerund of ‘Apini’ – to become). Examples: sulabhaD, jAgrateD / jAgratae Ad, shOkuDu / porluDu, eDDeD, nijavAd etc.

Negative adverbs are formed by affixing negative gerund ‘dAntae’. Examples: gati dAntae, nilae dAntae, jAgratae dAntae

Adverbs of Purpose:

Tulu
Kannada
English
dAyae
Eke
Why
inchAd
hIgAgi
Because of this, So
anchAd
hAgAgi
Because of that, So
aik, aikAd, aikAtra
adakke, adakkAgi
Therefore, for that reason
aiDdAvara
Addarinda
Therefore, Because of it


Example Sentences:

Tulu: encha ullar?
English: How are you?
Kannada: hEge iddIri?

Tulu: Ir encha battar?
English: How did you come?
Kannada: nIvu hEge bandiri?

Tulu: Aye parIksheg Od’dije, ancha fail Aye
English: He didn’t study for the exam, thus he failed.
Kannada: avanu parIkshege Odilla, hAge fail Ada

Tulu: incha Aye mAteregla mOsa malte
English: Thus he deceived all
Kannada: hIge avanu ellarigU mOsa mADida

Tulu: ancha malpoDchi
English: Don’t do like that
Kannada: hAge mADabEDa

Tulu: enchala nama ill muTTiya
English: Anyhow, we reached home
Kannada: hEgU nAvu manege talapidevu

Tulu: enchANDala aren oppAv
English: Somehow make him/her agree
Kannada: hEgAdarU avarannu oppisu

Tulu: nama melAne pOyi
English: Let us go slowly
Kannada: nAvu nidhAnavAgi hOgONa

Tulu: bIsa balipu
English: Run fast
Kannada: bEga ODu

Tulu: yAn bEga barpae
English: I will come soon
Kannada: nAnu bEga bartEne

Tulu: vantae jOrAd pAterle
English: Speak a bit louder
Kannada: svalpa jOrAgi mAtADi

Tulu: vantae mella pAterle
English: Speak a bit softer
Kannada: svalpa mettage mAtADi

Tulu: pakka pOdu onji lOTae nIr kanala
English: Go and bring a glass of water quickly (immediately)
Kannada: kUDale hOgi ondu lOTa nIru tA

Tulu: I bElae rappa AvoDu
English: This work should be done quickly/immediately 
Kannada: I kelasa kUDale AgabEku

Tulu:  yAn rapakka pOdu battae
English: I went and came immediately 
Kannada: nAnu kUDale hOgi bande

Tulu: orAne barsa batt’ND
English: Suddenly it rained
Kannada: ommele maLe bantu

Tulu: Aye sariT eNDa pAteruje
English: He does not speak with me properly
Kannada: avanu nannondige sariyAgi mAtADalla

Tulu: sulaboDu ninan gendere buDayae
English: I will never let you win easily
Kannada: sulbhavAgi ninnannu gellalu biDenu

Tulu: Al mast shOkuDu pada paNpal
English: She sings very beautifully
Kannada: avaLu tumbA chennAgi hADtALe

Tulu: nijavAd yAn dAla maltijae
English: Actually I didn’t do anything
Kannada: nijavAgi nAnu EnU mADilla

Tulu: nama oTTugu pOyi
English: Let us go together
Kannada: nAvu oTTige hOgONa

Tulu: yAn paNpinen samadAnoDu kENla
English: Listen to me patiently
Kannada: nAnu hELuvudannu tALmeyinda kELu

Tulu: Ar dAyae battini?
English: Why did he/she come?
Kannada: avaru Eke bandaddu?

Tulu: Ar ninan tUyerae battini
English: He/She came to visit you
Kannada: avaru ninnanu nODalikke bandadu

Tulu: Ir kODae gobberae dAyae battijar?
English: Why didn’t you come to play yesterday?
Kannada: nIvu ninne ADlikke Eke baralilla?

Tulu: yAn busy ittae, anchAd barrae Ayiji
English: I was busy, therefore I could not come
Kannada: nAnu busy idde, hAgAgi barlike Agalilla

Click here to go to Vocabulary page.

If you need more sentences translated in Tulu, please leave a comment. If you find this lesson helpful, please share it with your friends who wish to learn Tulu J

See you next week!

solmelu!


No comments:

Post a Comment