Thursday, 7 July 2016

Tulu Lesson 24: Adjective Pronouns

namaskAra! Welcome back!

Today we are going to learn some adjective pronouns in Tulu. Adjective Pronoun is a pronoun used as adjective. For examples: this book, some friends etc.  

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 There are 3 types: Demonstrative, Interrogative and Indefinite

Demonstrative Adjective Pronouns are used to point out specific people or things.

Following are the demonstrative adjective pronouns used in Tulu:

Tulu
Kannada
English
A
A
That / Those
I
I
This / These
At
ashTu
So much / That much
It
ishTu
So much / This much
anchina / anchitti
antha
Such (Remote)
inchina / inchitti
intha
Such (Proximate)

Example:

au enna ill – That is my house (Kannada: adu nanna mane) – Here ‘au’ is a demonstrative pronoun.

A ill ennau - That house is mine (Kannada: A mane nannadu) – Here ‘A’ is a demonstrative adjective pronoun

Interrogative adjective pronouns are used to form questions.

Following are the Interrogative adjective pronouns used in Tulu:

Tulu
Kannada
English
vA
yAva
Which
Et
eshTu
How much / How many
enchi / enchina / enchitti
entha
What / Which
dAda
Enu
What

Example:

nikk dAda bODu? – What do you want? (Kannada: ninage Enu bEku?) – Here ‘dAda’ is an interrogative pronoun.

nikk vA pustaka bODu? – Which book do you want? (Kannada: ninage yAva pustaka bEku?) – Here ‘vA’ is an interrogative adjective pronoun.

Indefinite adjective pronouns are formed from indefinite pronouns. Some of the indefinite adjective pronouns used in Tulu are:

Tulu
Kannada
English
kelavu
kelavu
Some / Several
mAta
ella
All
pUra
pUrti / pUra
Whole
ori
obba
A (M)
orti
obbaLu
A (F)
onji
ondu
A (N)
kuDonji
innondu
another
vantae / kammi /kaDamae / chUru
svalpa / kaDime
Little / Few
pAka
halavu
Many
mast / dinja /jAsti
tumba / hechchu
Much / Many

Example:

mAta batter – All came (Kannada: ellA bandru) – Here ‘mAta’ is an indefinite pronoun.

mAta pettalu batta – All cows came (Kannada: ellA danagaLu bandavu) - Here ‘mAta’ is an indefinite adjective pronoun.


Let us now make some sentences using these adjective pronouns:

Tulu: A jana Er?
English: Who is that person?
Kannada: A jana yAru?

Tulu: nikk vA padya ishTa?
English: Which song do you like?

Tulu: I UruDu Et mara uNDu?
English: In this village, how many trees are there?
Kannada: I Uralli eshTu maragaLive

Tulu: A jOkulen leppu!
English: Call those children!
Kannada: A makkaLannu kari!

Tulu: enk It bElae gottuNDu
English: I know this much work
Kannada: nanage ishTu kelasa gottide

Tulu: enk At portu kApere Apuji
English: I can’t wait so long (I can’t wait that much time)
Kannada: nanage ashTu hottu kAyOke Agalla

Tulu: nikk pira barrae Et portu bODu?
English: How much time you need to return?
Kannada: ninage vApas barOke eshTu samaya bEku?

Tulu: yAn anchina (anchitti) janan orala tUtijae
English: I have never seen such a person (that kind of person)
Kannada: nAnu antha manushyanannu ommeyU nODilla

Tulu: nikk enchina angi bODu?
English: Which type of shirt do you want?
Kannada: ninage entha angi bEku?

Tulu: inchitti katae enk ishTa
English: I like such stories (this kind of stories)
Kannada: intha kathe nanage ishTA

Tulu: Aye pOdu kelavu dina AND
English: It’s been several days since he went
Kannada: avanu hOgi kelavu dinagaLAytu

Tulu: suru pUra katen kENDoNla
English: Listen to the whole story first
Kannada: modalu pUrti katheyannu  kELikO

Tulu: Aye ori javane
English: He is a young man
Kannada: avanu obba yuvaka

Tulu: Al orti teacher
English: She is a teacher
Kannada: avaLu obbLu teacher

Tulu: yAn onji pustaka dettoNDae
English: I bought a book
Kannada: nAnu ondu pustaka takoNDe

Tulu: vantae dina tarid barpae
English: I will come after few days (Having spent few days, I will come)
Kannada: svalpa dina kaLedu bartEne

Tulu: I dinja/jAsti nIr parODu
English: You should drink much water
Kannada: nInu hechchu nIru kuDibEku

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If you need more sentences translated in Tulu, please leave a comment. If you find this lesson helpful, please share it with your friends who wish to learn Tulu J

See you next week!


solmelu!

3 comments:

  1. Hi Kiran

    So, "enchina" in Tulu is equivalent to "entha" in Kannada, while "enchitti" in Tulu is equivalent to "entaha" in Kannada. Am I correct in saying so ?

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    Replies
    1. I feel "entha" (MahaprANa) and "entaha" both mean same in Kannada.
      enchina = enta or entadu (alpa prANa) - we use this more in Mangalore Kannada instead of "Enu"

      enchi jana / enchitti jana = entha jana or entaha jana

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