Friday, 19 August 2016

Tulu Lesson 30: Past Continuous Tense

namaskAra! Welcome back!

Today we are going to learn another tense, i.e. Past Continuous tense. Please review Present Continuous tense before we proceed.

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Look at the following sentence:

I was going

As you see, this structure is similar to what we have in present continuous tense “I am going” (Simple past of auxiliary verb ‘be’ + main verb + ing)

So, let’s take a very quick review of present continuous tense in Tulu first.

Root verb + ondu (Present Gerund) + Simple Present tense of ‘ul’ (To be) 

pOvondu + ullae = pOvondullae – I am going

Now, delete the ‘ullae’ and add simple past tense of ‘uppuni/ippuni’ (To be) instead.

Here are the verb conjugations of the verb ‘uppuni/ippuni’ in simple past tense.

yAn ittae – I was
I itta – You were
Aye/imbe itte – He was
Al/mOlu ittal – She was
au/undu itt’ND – It was
nama/enkulu itta – We were
Ir/nikulu ittar – You were
akulu/mokulu/Ar/mEr itter – They were
undekulu/aikulu itta – They were

Present Gerund + simple past tense of ‘uppuni/ippuni’

pOvondu + ittae = pOvondittae  – I was going (Kannada: nAnu hOgtA idde)

yAn pOvondittae – I was going
I pOvonditta – You were going
Aye/imbe pOvonditte – He was going
Al/mOlu pOvondittal – She was going
au/undu pOvonditt’ND – It was going
nama/enkulu pOvonditta – We were going
Ir/nikulu pOvondittar – You were going
akulu/mokulu/Ar/mEr pOvonditter – They were going
undekulu/aikulu pOvonditta – They were going

Examples:

Tulu: yAn uNondittae
English: I was eating lunch/dinner
Kannada: nAnu UTa mADtA idde

Tulu: I gobbonditta
English: You were playing
Kannada: nInu ADtA idde

Tulu: Ir dAda maltondittar?
English: What were you doing?
Kannada: nIvu Enu mADtA iddiri?

Tulu: Aye ODe pOvonditte?
English: Where he was going to?
Kannada: avanu ellige hOgtA idda?

Tulu: Ar nikk kAtonditter
English: He/She was waiting for you
Kannada: avaru ninage kAytA iddaru

Tulu: Al pada paNondittal
English: She was singing
Kannada: avaLu hADtA iddaLu

Tulu: jOkulu Odonditta
English: Children were reading
Kannada: makkaLu OduttA iddaru

Tulu: pakkilu bAnoDu rAvonditta
English: Birds were flying in the sky
Kannada: hakkigaLu AkAshadalli hArtA iddavu

Tulu: akulu tulu kaltonditter
English: They were learning Tulu
Kannada: avaru tuLu kaliyuttA iddaru

Tulu: A UruDu mAterla kushiT oTTugu bad’konditter
English: In that village, everyone was living together happily
Kannada: A Uralli ellAru santhOshadinda oTTige vAsa mADtA iddaru

Tulu: paDDaiD sUrye kantonditte
English: Sun was setting down in the west
Kannada: pashchimadalli sUrya muLugutidda

Tulu: jOru barsa baronditt’ND
English: It was raining heavily
Kannada: jOrAgi maLe bartA ittu

Tulu: amma ninan nADonditter
English: Mother was searching for you
Kannada: amma ninnannu huDukuttA iddaru

Negative forms:

Negative forms in past continuous tense can be formed by using the negative form of the auxiliary verb ‘uppuni/ippuni’ in simple past tense.

yAn ittijae – I was not
I ittija – You were not
Aye/imbe ittije – He was not
Al/mOlu ittijal – She was not
au/undu ittiji – It was not
nama/enkulu ittija – We were not
Ir/nikulu ittijar – You were not
akulu/mokulu/Ar/mEr ittijer – They were not
undekulu/aikulu ittija – They were not

Present Gerund + negative form of ‘uppuni/ippuni’ in simple past tense

pOvondu + ittijae = pOvondittijae – I was not going (Kannada: nAnu hOgtA iralilla)

yAn pOvondittijae – I was not going
I pOvondittija – You were not going
Aye/imbe pOvondittije – He was not going
Al/mOlu pOvondittijal – She was not going
au/undu pOvondittiji – It was not going
nama/enkulu pOvondittija – We were not going
Ir/nikulu pOvondittijar – You were not going
akulu/mokulu/Ar/mEr pOvondittijer – They were not going
undekulu/aikulu pOvondittija – They were not going

Examples:

Tulu: akulu eNDa pAterondittijer
English: They were not speaking with me
Kannada: avaru nannalli mAtADtA iralilla

Tulu: Ar tuluTu katae bareyondittijer
English: He/She was not writing stories in Tulu
Kannada: avaru tuLuvalli kathe bareyuttA iralilla

Tulu: barsa barondittiji
English: It was not raining
Kannada: maLe bartA iralilla

Tulu:  Aye ODegla pOvondittije
English: He was not going to anywhere
Kannada: avanu elligU hOgtA iralilla

Tulu: dumbu yAn chA parondittijae
English: I was not drinking tea before
Kannada: modalu nAnu chaha kuDitA iralilla


Interrogative forms:

Tulu: I enk kAtondittana?
English: Were you waiting for me?
Kannada: nInu nanage kAytA iddeya?

Tulu: Al Odondittala?
English: Was she reading?
Kannada: avaLu OdtA iddaLa?

Tulu: Aye gobbondittijena?
English: Wasn’t he playing?
Kannada: avanu ADtA iralilva?

Tulu: akulu barondittijera?
English: Weren’t they coming?
Kannada: avaru bartA iralilva?

 Click here to go to Vocabulary page.

If you need more sentences translated in Tulu, please leave a comment. If you find this lesson helpful, please share it with your friends who wish to learn Tulu J

See you next week!


solmelu!

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