Thursday, 23 June 2016

Tulu Lesson 22: Interrogative and Indefinite Pronouns

namaskAra! Welcome back!

Today we are going to learn something very easy i.e. Interrogative and Indefinite Pronouns. We have already learned Subjective (Personal) pronouns in the lesson 2.

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An interrogative pronoun is a pronoun which is used in order to ask questions. In Tulu we have following interrogative pronouns:

Tulu
Kannada
English
dAda(u)
Enu
What
dAnae
Enu
What
enchina(u)
Enu / entadu
What
Er
yAru
Who
vou
yAvudu
Which one

An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun that does not refer to any person or thing in particular. Some of the indefinite Pronouns in Tulu are:

Tulu
Kannada
English
dAla
EnU
Anything
dAdANDala
EnAdarU
Anything / Something
dAdana
EnO
Something
Erla
yArU
Anyone
EraNDala
yArAdarU
Anyone / Someone
Era
yArO
Someone
oriye
obba
One person (M)
orti
obbaLu
One person (F)
onji
ondu
One thing
kuDonji
innondu
Another thing
kuDoriye
innobba
Another Person (M)
kuDorti
innobbaLu
Another Person (F)
mAta
ella
All
mAterla
ellArU
Everyone
mAtala
ellavU
Everything
kelavu
kelavu
Some
kelever
kelavaru
Some People

Declensions of these pronouns are same as Subjective (Personal) Pronouns. But these pronouns are used in only some cases.

Examples:

Eren – whom (yArannu)
EreDd – from/by whom (yArinda)
Ereg – for/to whom (yArige)
Erna – whose (yAra)
ErDa – with/to whom (yAralli/yArondige)
dAden – what (Enannu)
enchinen – what (Enannu)
enchineg – to/for what (Enakke)
voven (voin) – which one (yAvudannu)
voiDd – from/by which (yAvudarinda)
voik – for/to which (yAvudakke)
voita – of which (yAvudara)
voiT – in which (yAvudaralli)
voiTa – with/to which (yAvudarondige)

Let us now make some sentences using these pronouns:

Tulu: ninna pudar dAda (or enchina)?
English: What is your name?
Kannada: ninna hesaru Enu?

Tulu: au dAda?
English: What is that?
Kannada: adu Enu?

Tulu: I dAda bElae malpuni?
English: What job do you do?
Kannada: nInu Enu kelasa mADuvudu?

Tulu: Er battini?
English: Who came?
Kannada: yAru bandadu?

Tulu: dAnae battini?
English: Why did you come?
Kannada: Enu bandadu?

The word ‘dAnae’ can give different meaning when used in different situations. In the above example it gives the meaning of ‘why’ or ‘for what purpose’. It can also be used to express greetings when people meet one another.

Tulu: dAnae! encha ullar?
English: Hello, How are you?
Kannada: Enu! hEgiddIra?

Tulu: boka dAnae vishEsha?
English: Then what’s special?
Kannada: matte Enu vishEsha?

Tulu: I kathen Er baretini?
English: Who has written this story?
Kannada: I katheyannu yAru barediruvudu

Tulu: undu Erna ill?
English: Whose house is this?
Kannada: idu yAra mane?

Tulu: EreDa paNDa?
English: With whom did you tell?
Kannada: yAralli hELide?

Tulu: I raDD angileD nikk vou Avu?
English: Which one do you chose from these two shirts?
Kannada: I eraDu angigaLalli ninage yAvudu AdItu?

Tulu: nikk dAla paNDrae (paNyerae) uNDa?
English: Do you have anything to say?
Kannada: ninage EnAdarU hELalikke ideya?

Tulu: pODyoDchi, dAla Apuji!
English: Don’t fear, nothing will happen!
Kannada: hedarbEDa, EnU Agalla!

Tulu: dAdANDala malpula
English: Do something
Kannada: EnAdarU mAdu

Tulu: Ayeg dAdana At’ND
English: Something has happened to him.
Kannada: avanige EnO Agide

Tulu: illaD Erla ullera?
English: Is anyone home?
Kannada: maneyalli yArAdarU iddIra?

Tulu: Erla ijjer
English: No one is there
Kannada: yArU illa

Tulu: dayadId, ErANDala enk sAya malpule
English: Please someone help me
Kannada: dayaviTTu, yArAdarU nanage sahAya mADi

Tulu: ninan Era lettonduller
English: Someone is calling you
Kannada: ninnannu yAro karitA iddAre

Tulu: Era baider
English: Someone has come
Kannada: yArO bandiddAre

Tulu: Era baidijer
English: Someone has not come
Kannada: yArO bandilla

Tulu: Erla baidijer
English: No one has come
Kannada: yArU bandilla

Tulu: oriye udda itte, kuDoriye kudya itte
English: One was tall and the other was short
Kannada: obba udda idda, innobba giDDa idda

Tulu: mAta pOyer
English: All went
Kannada: ellA hoDaru

Tulu: mAterla ninan tUvondu itter
English: Everyone was looking at you
Kannada: ellarU ninnannu nODuttiddaru

Tulu: mAtala sama ApuNDu
English: Everything will be alright
Kannada: ellavU sari Agtade

Tulu: kelavu pettalu batta, kelavu nanala baidija
English: Some cows came (have arrived), but some have not come yet
Kannada: kelavu danagaLu bandavu, kelavu innU bandilla

Tulu: kelaver ini pOper, oridinakulu ellae pOper
English: Some will go today, rest of them will go tomorrow
Kannada: kelavaru ivattu hOgtAre, uLidavaru nALe hOgtAre


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If you need more sentences translated in Tulu, please leave a comment. If you find this lesson helpful, please share it with your friends who wish to learn Tulu J

See you next week!


solmelu!

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