Friday, 16 September 2016

Tulu Lesson 33: Future Perfect Tense

namaskAra! Welcome back!

Today we are going to learn one more tense in Tulu, i.e. Future Perfect Tense. The future perfect tense used to express a completed action in the future.

learn tulu


Look at the following sentence:

I will have gone

As you see, this structure is similar to what we have in present perfect tense, but an additional auxiliary verb ‘will’ is added in between.

The simple future of the verb ‘to have’ (will have) + the past participle of the main verb ‘go’ (gone)

In Tulu, we use the following structure for the Future Perfect Tense:

Past Gerund Perfect + simple future (Simple Present) tense of ‘uppuni/ippuni’

As I said earlier, in Tulu, Simple Present Tense also used to talk about actions that will happen certainly in the future.

So let us quickly review the conjugations of the verb ‘uppuni/ippuni’ in simple present/future tense

yAn uppuvae – I am / I will be
I uppuva – You are / You will be
Aye/imbe uppuve – He is / He will be
Al/mOlu  uppuval – She is / She will be
au/undu  uppuNDu – It is / It will be
nama/enkulu  uppuva – We are / We will be
Ir/nikulu  uppuvar – You are / You will be
akulu/mokulu/Ar/mEr uppuver – They are / They will be
undekulu/aikulu uppuva – They are / They will be

Past gerund (perfect) of the verb ‘pO’ is ‘pOdu’

pOdu + uppuvae = pOduppuvae – I will have gone (Kannada: nAnu hOgirtEne)

yAn pOduppuvae – I will have gone
I pOduppuva – You will have gone
Aye/imbe pOduppuve – He will have gone
Al/mOlu pOduppuval – She will have gone
au/undu pOduppuNDu – It will have gone
nama/enkulu pOduppuva – We will have gone
Ir/nikulu pOduppuvar – You will have gone
akulu/mokulu/Ar/mEr pOduppuver – They will have gone
undekulu/aikulu pOduppuva – They will have gone

yAn batt'duppuvae – I will have come
I batt'duppuva – You will have come
Aye/imbe batt'duppuve – He will have come
Al/mOlu batt'duppuval – She will have come
au/undu batt'duppuNDu – It will have come
nama/enkulu batt'duppuva – We will have come
Ir/nikulu batt'duppuvar – You will have come
akulu/mokulu/Ar/mEr batt'duppuver – They will have come
undekulu/aikulu batt'duppuva – They will have come

Examples:

Tulu: barpina varsadulai nikulu tulu kalt’duppuvar
English: You will have learned Tulu by next year
Kannada: baruva varshadoLage nIvu tuLu kalitiruttIri

Tulu: Aye ini bayyadulai ett’duppuve
English: He will have reached by the evening
Kannada: avanu ivattu sanjeyoLage talapiruttAne

Tulu: ellae It portugu parIkshae mugiduppuNDu
English: Exams will have finished by this time tomorrow
Kannada: nALe ishTu hottige parIkshe mugidiruttade

Tulu: akulu rAtrae patt gaNTedulai jett’duppuver
English: They will have slept by 10pm.
Kannada: avaru rAtri hattu gaNTeyoLage malagiruttAre

Tulu: I enan madat’duppuvana?
English: Will you have forgotten me?
Kannada: nInu nannannu maretirtIya?


 Negative forms:

Negative forms in future perfect tense can be formed by using the negative form of the auxiliary verb ‘uppuni/ippuni’ in simple future tense (simple present)

yAn uppujae –I will not be
I uppuja –You will not be
Aye/imbe uppuje – He will not be
Al/mOlu uppujal – She will not be
au/undu uppuji – It will not be
nama/enkulu uppuja – We will not be
Ir/nikulu uppujar – You will not be
akulu/mokulu/Ar/mEr uppujer – They will not be
undekulu/aikulu uppuja – They will not be

Past Gerund Perfect + simple future (Simple Present) tense of ‘uppuni/ippuni’

pOdu + uppujae = pOduppujae – I will not have gone (Kannada: nAnu hOgiruvudilla)

yAn pOduppujae – I will not have gone
I pOduppuja – You will not have gone
Aye/imbe pOduppuje – He will not have gone
Al/mOlu pOduppujal – She will not have gone
au/undu pOduppuji – It will not have gone
nama/enkulu pOduppuja – We will not have gone
Ir/nikulu pOduppujar – You will not have gone
akulu/mokulu/Ar/mEr pOduppujer – They will not have gone
undekulu/aikulu pOduppuja – They will not have gone

Examples:

Tulu: Aye ini bayyadulai ett’duppuje
English: He will not have reached by the evening
Kannada: avanu ivattu sanjeyoLage talapiruvudilla

Tulu: Ar ODela pOduppujer
English: He/She will not have gone anywhere
Kannada: avaru elligU hOgiruvudilla

Tulu: jOkulu sAleg pOduppujana?
English: Will the children not have gone to school?
Kannada: makkaLu shAlege hOgiruvudillava?

Click here to go to Vocabulary page.

If you need more sentences translated in Tulu, please leave a comment. If you find this lesson helpful, please share it with your friends who wish to learn Tulu J

See you next week!


solmelu!

1 comment:

  1. It was not uncommon to find such people running schools in their mother tongue. As time went by and the country started blending, such people had to bring in English for instruction in school

    Popularity of IELTS

    ReplyDelete