Thursday, 14 July 2016

Tulu Lesson 25: Tulu Calendar, Week Names, Seasons and Weather Conditions in Tulu

namaskAra! encha ullar?

So far we have learned a number of grammar lessons in Tulu. Today, just for a change, we are going to learn something a bit different and that is the Tulu calendar and also week names, seasons and weather conditions.

Tulu Calendar is one of the oldest traditional Indian solar calendars. Even though now in routine most of us follow the Western or Gregorian calendar, Tulu calendar is still used for agriculture activities, religious activities and festivals in Tulu Nadu region.

Let us now learn the names of the months in Tulu. Probably, you will find the words a little bit difficult to remember since they are new words.

Month Names in Tulu:


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Tulu Name
English
Sanskrit Name (Solar)
Sanskrit Name (Lunar)
paggu
April–May
mEsha
chaitra
bEsa
May–June
vrishabha
vaishAkha
kArtel
June–July
mithuna
jyEshTha
ATi
July–August
karkATaka
AshADha
sONa
August–September
simha
shrAvaNa
nirnAla
September–October
kanyA
bhAdrapada
bontel
October–November
tulA
ashvina
jArdae
November–December
vrishchika
kArtika
perArdae
December–January
dhanu
mArgashIrsha
ponni / puyintel
January–February
makara
pausha
mAyi
February–March
kumbha
mAgha
suggi
March–April
mIna
phAlguna

Each month has 30 to 31 days. A year is called as ‘orsa’ or ‘ODu’ in Tulu. The New Year or the first day of the ‘orsa’ falls in ‘paggu’ and the day is called ‘bisu’ (April 14 or 15) and this day is celebrated as ‘bisu parba’ in Tulu Nadu.

 Some of the words related to calendar:

Tulu

Kannada

English

panchAnga

panchAnga

Calendar

orsa / ODu

varsha

Year

IyoDu

I varsha

This year

mUvoDu

kaLeda varsha

Last year

munnoDu

eraDu varshagaLa hinde

Year before the last year

tingol

tingaLu

Month

chandra (tingol)

chandra (tingaLu)

Moon

tingolda bolpu

beLadingaLu

Moon light

sUrya (nEsar)

sUrya (nEsara)

Sun

portu

hottu / samaya

Time

nakshatra / bolli

nakshatra

Star

vAra

vAra

Week

dina

dina

Day

tEdi

dinAnka

Date

amAsae

amavasye

New moon day

punnamae

huNNime

Full moon day

sankrAnti / sankramana

sankrAnti / sankramana

The movement of the sun from one zodiac sign to another

singoDae / tingoDae

tingaLa modala dina

The first day of each month in Tulu Calendar

pattanAjae

(vrishabha mAsada) hattane dina

Tenth day / Commonly referred to tenth day of the month ‘bEsa’ - The ending day for all religious and cultural functions of the season like, Bhuta worship, Yakshagana play, annual fairs of the temples etc.


Week Names in Tulu:
Tulu
Kannada
English
aitAra
AdityavAra
Sunday
sOmAra
sOmavAra
Monday
angArae / manglAra
mangaLavAra
Tuesday
budAra
budhavAra
Wednesday
gurvAra
guruvAra
Thursday
sukrAra
shukravAra
Friday
saniyAra
shanivAra
Saturday

Names of Seasons and Words related to Weather Conditions in Tulu:
Tulu
Kannada
English
aregAla
bEsige kAla
Summer / Hot season
maryAla
maLegAla
Rainy Season / Monsoon
chaligAla
chaLigAla
Winter / Cold season
gAli
gALi
Wind
karae gAli
kare gALi
Wind blowing towards the shore
birugAli
birugALi
Storm
eri gAli
bisi gALi
Hot wind
simagAli
tampugALi
Cool breeze
suligAli
suligALi
Whirl wind
barsa
maLe
Rain
mugal
mODa
Cloud
chali
chaLi
Cold
dombu
bisilu
Sunny / sunshine
sekae
sekhe
Hot
begar
bevaru
Perspire / sweat
begapu (begapuni)
bevaru
To perspire
bolla
nere / pravAha
Flood
ertae / dinjel
ubbara
High tide
jappel
iLita
Low tide
bolkkir
bisilu / shubhra vAtavaraNA
clearing of the sky from clouds and the sun is coming out after shower
menchi
minchu
Lighting
teDil
siDilu
Thunder



Example Sentences:

Tulu: niklenaiTe barsa encha uNDu?
English: How is the rain at your place?
Kannada: nimkaDe maLe hEgide?

Tulu: patt dinaDdinchi buDandae barsa baronduNDu
English: It’s raining continuously from ten days.
Kannada: hattu dinagaLinda biDade maLe baruttide

Tulu: ini mast chali uNDu
English: It’s very cold today
Kannada: ivattu tumbA chaLi ide

Tulu: ini eDDae bolkkir, barsa ijji
English: Today sky is cleared, no rain
Kannada: ivattu oLLe bisilu, maLe illa

Tulu: ini mast dombu uNDu
English: Today it is very sunny
Kannada: ivattu tumbA bisilide

Tulu: mUlu mast seketonduNDu
English: It’s very hot here
Kannada: illi tumbA sekhe Agtide

Click here to go to Vocabulary page.

Click here for Video lessons

If you need more sentences translated in Tulu, please leave a comment. If you find this lesson helpful, please share it with your friends who wish to learn Tulu J

See you next week!

solmelu!

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