Thursday, 28 July 2016

Tulu Lesson 27: Adverbs – Part 2

namaskAra! Welcome back!

Today, we are going to learn adverbs of place. An adverb of place tells us where something is done or happens.

Adverbs of Place:

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Interrogatives:
Tulu
Kannada
English
olpa / Olu
elli
Where
ODe
elli(ge)
To where / Whither
onchi
Eche
Whither (towards what place)
oyiTe
elli
In which place / Where

Demonstrative:
Tulu
Kannada
English
mulpa / mUlu
illi
Here
alpa / aulu
alli
There
iDe
illi(ge)
To this place / Hither
aDe
alli(ge)
To that place / Thither
inchi
Iche
Hither (towards this place)
anchi
Ache
Thither (towards that place)
neTe
illi
In this place / Here
aiTe
alli
In that place / There
ikara
itta kaDe
To this side
akara
atta kaDe
To that side

Miscellaneous:
Tulu
Kannada
English
ulai
oLage
inside
pidai
horage
outside
tirt
keLage
Down / below
mitt
mEle
Above / Upon
aDi
aDi
Under
A mey
A badi
That side
I mey
I badi
This side
vA mey
yAva badi
Which side
mAtalpa / mAta meyi
ellA kaDe
everywhere
Olla (Olu+la)
ellU
Anywhere / Somewhere
OlaNDala
ellAdarU
Wherever / Somewhere
Ola (Olu+a)
ellO
Somewhere
ODela, ODeyANDala
elligAdaru
To anywhere / To somewhere
ODena
elligO
To somewhere
dUra
dUra
To distant place
kaital / muTTa
hattira
Near
bariT
badiyalli
Adjacent / On the side
naDuT
madyadalli
In the middle
sutta / suttala
suttalU
around
mUDai
pUrva
East
paDDai
pashchima
West
baDakai
uttara
North
tenkai
dakshiNa
South
dumbu / eduru
munde
Front
pira / piravu
hinde
Back / Behind
datta mey
eDagaDe
Left side
balatta mey
balagaDe
Right side

These adverbs are inflected in only some cases:

Locative (In, On)
Instrumental (From)
Dative  (To)
Genitive (Of)
Olu – Where
mUlu- Here
aulu – There
Olla – Anywhere / Somewhere

oltu / oltuDd – From where
multu / multuDd – From here
altu / altuDd – From there
oltuDd’la – From anywhere/somewhere
-
olta – Of where
multa – Of here
alta – Of there
oltala – Of anywhere/somewhere
olpa – Where
mulpa – Here
alpa – There
olpala – Anywhere / Somewhere
olpaDd – From where
mulpaDd – From here
alpaDd – From there
olpaDd’la – From anywhere / somewhere
-
olpada – Of where
mulpada – Of here
alpada – Of there
olpadala – Of anywhere / somewhere
-
-
ODe / ODeg- To where
iDe – Hither
aDe – Thither
ODela / ODegla – To anywhere / somewhere
-
-
onchiDd – From which way
inchiDd – From this way
anchiDd – From that way
onchiDd’la – From anywhere/some where
onchi / onchig – Towards what place
inchi – Towards this place
anchi - Towards that place
onchila – towards anywhere / somewhere
onchida – of where (direction)
inchida – of this way
anchida – of that way
onchidala – of any/some where
oyiTe – In which place
neTe – In this place
aiTe- In that place
oyiTela – In any place/some place
oyiTeDd – From which place
neTeDd – From this place
aiTeDd – From that place
oyiTeDd’la – From any place / some place
-
oyiTeda – of which place
neTeda – of this place
aiTeda – of that place
oyiTeDala – of any place / some place
ulai / ulaiD – inside
pidai / pidaiD – outside
ulaiDd – From inside
pidaiDd – From outside
ulai / ulaig – To inside
pidai / pidaig – To outside
ulaida – of inside
pidaida – of outside
tirt / tirt'D – down
mitt / mitt’D – Upon
tirt'Dd – From down
mitt’Dd – From above

tirt / tirt’g – Downward
mitt / mitt’g - Upward
tirt'da – of below

mitt’da – of above


Examples:

Tulu: (I) Olla?
English: Where are you?
Kannada: elliddIya?

Tulu: (au) ONDu?
English: Where is it?
Kannada: ellide?

“Olla?’’ and “ONDu” are the short forms for “Olu ulla?” and “Olu uNDu?” respectively.

yAn Ollae? – Where am I?
I Olla? – Where are you?
Aye/imbe Olle? – Where is he?
Al/mOlu Ollal? – Where is she?
au/undu ONDu? – Where is it?
nama/enkulu Olla? – Where are we?
Ir/nikulu Ollar? – Where are you?
akulu/mokulu/Ar/mEr Oller – Where are they?
undekulu/aikulu Olla? – Where are they?

Tulu: Ar ODe pOyer?
English: Where did he/she go?
Kannada: avaru ellige hOdaru?

Tulu: ninna ill olpa?
English: Where is your home?
Kannada: ninna mane elli?

Tulu: nikulu oltu battini?
English: From where did you come?
Kannda: nIvu ellinda bandaddu?

Tulu: nikulu oyiTeDd pidaDuvar?
English: From which place you will depart?
Kannda: nIvu ellinda horaDuviri?

Tulu: gAli onchiDd bIjonduNDu?
English: From which way wind is blowing?
Kannada: gAli yAva kaDe yinda bIsuttide?

Tulu: ADe pO
English: Go there (to the particular place)
Kannada: allige hOgu

Tulu: anchi pO
English: Go there (anywhere but in the particular direction/way)
Kannada: Ache hOgu

Tulu: vantae akara pOle
English: Move away a bit
Kannada: svalpa Ache (atta) hOgi

Tulu: aulu tUla
English: Look there
Kannada: alli nODu

Tulu: anchi tUla
English: Look away
Kannada: Ache nODu

Tulu: pustakan mUlu dIle
English: Put the book here
Kannada: pustakavannu illi iDi

Tulu: A pustakan iDe kanale
English: Bring that book here
Kannada: A pustakavannu illige tanni

Tulu: enna ajjill kaital’D uNDu
English: My grand mother’s house is nearby.
Kannada: nanna ajji mane hattiradallide

Tulu: puchchae mEjida aDiT deng’d kullonduNDu
English: The cat is hiding under the table.
Kannada: bekku mEjinaDiyalli aDagi kUtide

Tulu: kappal tenkaig pONDu
English: The ship sailed southwards
Kannada: haDagu dakshiNakke hOytu

Tulu: Aye ennanchi barondulle
English: He is coming towards me
Kannada: avanu nanna kaDe bartA iddAne

Tulu: anchinchi pOvoDchi
English: Don’t go here and there
Kannada: AchIche hOgabEDa

Tulu: ODela pOvoDchi
English: Don’t go anywhere
Kannada: elligU hOgabEDa

Tulu: Olla untoDchi
English: Don’t stop anywhere
Kannada: ellU nillabEDa

Tulu: akulu ODena pOyer
English: They went somewhere
Kannada: avaru elligO hOdaru

Tulu: Aye mUle Ola uppoDu
English: He must be somewhere here
Kannada: avanu ille ellO irabEku

Tulu: nama ulai pOyi
English: Let us go inside
Kannada: nAvu oLage hOgONa

Tulu: jOkulu pidaiD gobbondulla
English: The kids are playing outside
Kannada: makkaLu horage ADtA iddAre

Tulu: Al iDe baidijal
English: She has not come here
Kannada: avaLu illige baralilla

Tulu: (enkulu) ninan mAta kaDeTla nADiya
English: We were looking for you everywhere
Kannada: (nAvu) ninnannu ellA kaDeyallU huDukidevu

Tulu: kaital’D Olla post office uNDa?
English: Is there a post office anywhere nearby?
Kannada: hattiradalli elladarU post office ideya?

Tulu: mulpa bath room ONDu?
English: Where is bath room here?
Kannada: illi bath room ellide?

Tulu: Ar enna piravuDuller
English: He/She is behind me
Kannada: avaru nanna hinde iddAre

Tulu: I enna eduruD itta
English: You were in front of me
Kannada: nInu nanna edurige idde

Tulu: sIda pOdu, datta meyk tirg’le
English: Go straight and turn left
Kannada: nEra hOgi, eDagaDege tirugi

Tulu: dumbu pOle
English: move forward
Kannada: munde hOgi

Tulu: pira bale
English: Come back
Kannada: hinde banni

Tulu: Aye maroDdu tirt jattondulle
English: He is getting down from the tree
Kannada: avanu maradinda keLage iLiyuttiddAne

Click here to go to Vocabulary page.

If you need more sentences translated in Tulu, please leave a comment. If you find this lesson helpful, please share it with your friends who wish to learn Tulu J

See you next week!

solmelu!

Friday, 22 July 2016

Tulu Lesson 26: Adverbs – Part 1

namaskAra! Welcome back!

Adverbs are words that describe or modify a verb, adjective or another adverb. Generally it expresses manner, place, time, frequency etc. Today, we are going to learn adverbs of time and frequency.

An adverb of time tells us when something is done or happens. An adverb of frequency tells us how often something is done or happens.



Adverbs of Time:

Interrogatives:
Tulu
Kannada
English
Epa
yAvAga
When

Demonstrative:
Tulu
Kannada
English
ittae
Iga
Now
ekAD
Aga / AvAga
At that time / Sometime ago
apaga
AvAga
Then / At that time
ini
indu, ivattu
Today
Ani
Avattu
That day

Miscellaneous:
Tulu
Kannada
English
bokka
matte, AmEle , nantara
After  / Later
kODae
ninne
Yesterday
ellae
nALe
tomorrow
murani
monne
Day before yesterday
ellanji
nALiddu
Day after tomorrow
I vAra
I vAra
This week
pOyi vAra
hOda vAra
Last Week
barpi vAra
baruva vAra
Next week
I tingol
I tingaLu
This month
pOyi tingol
hOda tingaLu
Last month
barpi tingol
baruva tingaLu
Next month
I varsa / IvoDu
I varsha
This year
pOyina varsa / mUvoDu
hOda varsha
Last year
munnoDu
hOda varshada hindina varsha
Year before last year
dumbag
baruva varsha / bhavishyadalli
Next year / In the future
barpi varsa
baruva varsha
Next year
pulya /pulyakkala
munjAne
Dawn / Early morning
kANDae / bolpugu
beLagge
Morning
madyana
madhyAhna
Noon / Afternoon
bayya
sanje
Evening
rAtrae
rAtri
Night
naDir / naDirl
madhya rAtri
Midnight
pagel
hagalu
Day time
ekADe / apagane
avAglE
Already
inchipa
ittIche
Recently
bEga
bEga
Soon
kaDEsa
taDa
Late
kaDes’d / tarid / portAd
taDavAgi
Lately
nana / kuDa
innu
Henceforth / again
nanala / kuDala
innU
Still / yet
dumbu
hindina kAla
Ago / Past time / Old days
dumbu
modalu
Before
dumb'nAni
hindina dina
Previous Day
manadAni
mArane dina
Next Day

     Adverbs of Frequency:

Tulu
Kannada
English
Epola
yAvAgalU
Always / Any time
EpANDala
yAvAgalAdarU
Whenever
ora
omme
Once
orala
ommeyU
Even once
EpANDala ora
yAvAgalAdarU omme
Once in a long time
oravora / kelavora
ommomme / kelavomme
Once in a while, sometimes
apagapaga / gaDi gaDi
AgAga
Now and then, frequently
aparUpa
aparUpa
Seldom, Rarely
dinOla
dinAlU / prati dina
Daily / every day
nana / kuDa
matte / punah
Again
nanora / kuDora
innomme / mattomme
Once again / Once more
mAmUlAd
mAmUlAgi
Usually


Example Sentences:

Tulu: I Epa battini?
English: When did you come?;
Kannada: nInu yAvAga bandaddu?

Tulu: Aye Epa pOpe?
English: When will he go?
Kannada: avanu yAvAga hOgtAne?

Tulu: yAn Epa baroDu?
English: When should I come?
Kannada: nAnu yAvAga barabEku?

Tulu: ittae I dAda maltondulla?
English: What are you doing now?
Kannada: Iga nInu Enu mADtiddIya?

Tulu: yAn ittae battini
English: I came just now
Kannada: nAnu Iga bandaddu

Tulu: Ar ekAD baider
English: He/She has come sometime ago
Kannada: avaru  Aga bandiddAre

Tulu: ekAD yAn ittijae
English: Aga nAnu iralilla
Kannada: I was not there at that time

Tulu: yAn ninan leppuvae, apaga baroDu
English: I will call you and then you should come
Kannada: nAnu ninnannu karitEne, Avaga barabEku

Tulu: yAn battinapaga I ittija
English: At the time I came, you were not there
Kannada: nAnu bandAga, nInu iralilla

Tulu: yAn battinAni I ittija
Tulu: When I came that day, you were not there
Kannada: nAnu banda dina, nInu iralilla

Tulu: ini yAn sAleg pOtijae
English: I have not gone to the school today
Kannada: nAnu ivattu shAlege hOgilla

Tulu: Ani akulu bombaiD itter
English:  That day they were in Mumbai
Kannada: Avattu avaru Mumbai’yalli iddaru

Tulu: yAn niNDa bokka panpae
English: I will tell you later
Kannada: nAnu ninage matte hELtEne

Tulu: yAn ellae benglUrug pOdu, ellanji pira barpae
English: I will go to Bangalore tomorrow and will return day after tomorrow
Kannada: nAnu nALE bengLurige hOgi, nADiddu vApas bartEne

Tulu: yAn dinola pulyakkalag lakkuvae
English: I wake up at dawn daily
Kannada: nAnu dinA munjAne eddELtEne

Tulu: ini bayyag tikk’ga
English: Let us meet this evening 
Kannada: ivattu sanje sigONa

Tulu: inchipag I kuDlag pOtana?
English: Have you been to Mangalore recently?
Kannada: ittIchege nInu mangaLurige hOgiddIya?

Tulu: nikulu I pustakan kuDora OdoDu
English: You must read this book once again
Kannada: nIvu I pustakavannu innomme OdabEku

Tulu: ninaD’d dumbu yAn baidae, I bokka battini
English: I came before you! You came later!
Kannada: ninaginta modalu nAnu bandiddeNe, nInu matte bandaddu

Tulu: dumbuda kAloDu janakleDa mobile ittiji
English: In the old days people didn't have mobile phones
Kannada: hindina kAladalli janara baLi mobile iralilla

Tulu: yAn orala maisUr’g potijae
English: I have never been to Mysore.
Kannada: nAnu ommeyU maisUrige hOgilla

Tulu: yAn Epola kANDae Aji gaNTeg lakkuvae
English: I always wake up at 6 o’ clock in the morning.
Kannada: nAnu yAvAgalU beLigge Aru gaNTege eddELtEne

Tulu: kelavora Ayeg kOpa barpuNDu
English: Sometimes he gets angry
Kannada: kelavomme avanige kOpa bartade

Click here to go to Vocabulary page.

If you need more sentences translated in Tulu, please leave a comment. If you find this lesson helpful, please share it with your friends who wish to learn Tulu J

See you next week!


solmelu!