Friday, 26 February 2016

Tulu Lesson 6: Numbers, Ordinal Numbers, Telling the Time

namaskAra! encha ullar?

Hopefully you are enjoying the lessons. Please let me know if you have any questions that you think I can answer!

Last week we learnt numbers from 1 to 20 in Tulu. Today we are going to learn more numbers, ordinal numbers and how to tell the time.  

onji – 1
raDD – 2
mUji – 3
nAl – 4
ain – 5
Aji – 6
El – 7
enma – 8
orumba – 9
patt – 10
pattonji – 11
padiraDD – 12
padimUji – 13
padinAl – 14
padinain – 15
padinAji – 16
padinEl – 17
padinenma – 18
padinorumba – 19
irva – 20

irvattonji - 21
irvatraDD - 22
irvatmUji - 23
irvatnAl - 24
irvattain - 25
irvattAji - 26
irvattEl - 27
iravattenma - 28
irvattorumba - 29
muppa - 30
muppattonji - 31
muppatraDD - 32
…………
muppattorumba - 39
nalpa - 40
nalpattonji - 41
nalpatraDD - 42
………..
nalpattorumba - 49
aiva - 50
aivattonji - 51
aivatraDD - 52
…………..
aivattorumba - 59
ajipa - 60
ajipattonji - 61
ajipatraDD - 62
………….
ajipattorumba - 69
elpa - 70
elpattonji - 71
elpatraDD - 72
………….
elpattorumba - 79
enpa - 80
enpattonji - 81
enpatraDD - 82
……………
enpattorumba - 89
sonpa - 90
sonpattonji - 91
sonpatraDD - 92
…………..
sonpattorumba - 99
nUdu - 100

nUta onji - 101
nUta raDD - 102
nUta patt - 110
nUta sonpa - 190
irnUdu - 200
irnUta onji - 201
irnUta sonpa - 290
munnUdu - 300
nAlnUdu - 400
ainUdu - 500
AjinUdu - 600
ElnUdu - 700
enmanUdu - 800
orumbanUdu - 900
sAra – 1000
sArattonji - 1001
patt sAra – 10,000
laksha – 1,00,000
patt laksha - 10,00,000
kOTi – 1,00,00,000

These are the cardinal numbers in Tulu. We use cardinal numbers for counting or to tell ‘how many’ of something or to tell the quantity.

Examples:

Tulu: raDD kai
English: two hands
Kannada: eraDu kai

Tulu: Aye dinoku patt gaNTae benpe
English: He works 10 hour a day.
Kannada: avanu dinakke hattu gaNTe duDiyuttAne
duDiyuttAne

Tulu: Aye vArogu 5 dina benpe
English: He works 5 days a week.
Kannada: avanu vArakke 5 dina duDiyuttAne

Tulu: patt kilo ari
English: 10 KG rice
Kannada: hattu KG akki

Tulu: yAn raDD gaNTae kApuvae
English: I will wait for 2 hours.
Kannada: nAnu eraDu gaNTe kAyuttEne

Whenever we want to add numbers to a neuter noun, we can avoid adding plural suffix and put the number before the noun.

Examples:
illulu – houses 
nAl ill – Four houses

kaikulu – hands
raDD kai – two hands

enk raDD kai uNDu – I have two hands.

We never say ‘enk raDD kaikulu ulla’ in Tulu.

Tulu: mEjida mitt raDD pustaka uNDu
English: There are two books on the table.
Kannada: mEjina mEle eraDu pustaka ide

Tulu: enkleDa patt tArae uNDu
English: We have ten coconut trees.
Kannada: nammalli hattu tengina mara ide

When speaking about human beings we have different forms in Tulu.

orye/ori – One (man) (Masc.)
orti – One (woman) (Fem.)
onji – One (thing) (Neu.)

irver – Two persons
mUver – Three persons
nAlver – Four persons
aiver – Five persons
Aji jana – Six persons
El jana – Seven persons
enma jana – Eight persons
orumba jana – Nine persons
patt jana – Ten persons.

From 5 upwards ‘jana’ is added to the number. We can also say raDD jana, mUji jana, nAl jana and ain jana. We also have ‘patter’, but it does not mean exactly 10 persons. It means ‘honorable citizens’ or ‘elders of the village’

Tulu: orye barpe, orye pOpe
English: One comes, one goes.
Kannada: obba bartAne, obba hOgtAne

Tulu: ori kalve
English: A thief
Kannada: obba kaLLa

Tulu: Aye ori sobage
English: He is a gentleman.
Kannada: avanu obba sabhyastha

Tulu: akulu oryeDori  pAterujer
English: They don’t speak with each other.
Kannada: avaru obbarallobbaru matADuvudilla

Tulu: I oryena?
English: Are you alone?
Kannada: nInu obbana/oNTiya?

Tulu: Al orti ponnu
English: She is a girl
Kannada: avaLu ondu heNNu

Tulu: onji puchchae
English: A cat
Kannada: ondu bekku

Tulu: onji ill
English: A house
Kannada: ondu mane

Tulu: akulu irver dEvastAnogu pOyer
English: They both went to the temple.
Kannada: avaru ibbaru dEvastAnakke hOdaru

Ordinal numbers:

Ordinal numbers tell the order of how things are set, they show the position or the rank of something. We have to add suffix ‘ane’ to make ordinal numbers.

onjane – First
raDDane – Second
mUjane – Third
nAlane – Fourth
ainane – Fifth
Ajane – Sixth
Elane – Seventh
enmane – Eighth
orumbane – Ninth
pattane – Tenth
pattonjane – 11th
irvane – 20th

Al onjane klAs’D kalpuval – She is studying in first standard.

For ‘first’, we have also these words in Tulu: ‘suru’ and ‘kaDIr’.

kaDIra mage – First son 
suruta mage – First son 

‘suru’ is most commonly used in daily conversation.

onjane stAna – First place/rank 
onjane klAs – First standard
onjane nambar – First number
onjane mAligae – First floor

Tulu: suruta tingol
English: First month
Kannada: modala tngaLu

Tulu: suruttAye
English: The first one (Masculine)
Kannada: modalinava

Tulu: suruttAl
English: The first one (Feminine)
Kannada: modalinavaLu

Tulu: suruttau
English: The first one (Neuter)
Kannada: modalinadu

Tulu: suruta bAlae
English: First child
Kannada: modala magu

Tulu: mUjane klAs
English: Third standard
Kannada: mUrane klAsu

Tulu: mUjane mAligae
English: Third floor
Kannada: mUrane mahaDi

Tulu: mUjanettAye
English: The third one (Masculine)
Kannada: mUraneyava

Tulu: nAlanettAl
English: The fourth one (Feminine)
Kannada: nAlkaneyavaLu

Tulu: Ajanettau
English: The sixth one (Neuter)
Kannada: Araneyadu

Adverbial numerals:

ora – Once
raDD sarti – Twice
mUji sarti - Thrice
nAl sarti – Four times
patt sarti – Ten times
nUdu sarti – Hundred times.

To make adverbial numerals, we need to add ‘sarti’ to the number.

Tulu: Aye vArogu ora barpe
English: He comes once a week
Kannada: avanu vArakke omme bartAne

Tulu: kuDora (kuDa + ora) paNpana?
English: Will you tell me once more?
Kannada: innomme hELtIya?

Tulu: raDD sarti Oduvae
English: I will read it twice.
Kannada: eraDu sala OdtEne

Reading sums of money:

25 paisa – irvattain paisae/nAlanae
50 paisa – aiva paisae/enmanae
Rs. 1 – onji rupAy
Rs. 1.25 – onje kAl rupAy
Rs. 1.50 – onjarae rupAy
Rs. 1.75  – onje mukkal rupAy
Rs. 100 – nUdu rupAy
Rs. 1500 – onjarae sAra rupAy
Rs. 2500 – raDDarae sAra rupAy

kAl – Quarter
arae/arda – half
mukkAl – Three forth



Telling the time:

learn tulu

gaNTae raDD AND – It’s 2 o’clock
raDD ain – 2:05
raDD patt – 2:10
raDDe kAl – 2:15
raDD irva – 2:20
raDD irvattain – 2:25
raDDarae – 2:30
raDD nalpa – 2:40
kAl kammi mUji – 2:45
mUjeg patt nimisha uNDu – 2:50
mUjeg ain nimisha uNDu – 2:55
mUji 0 3:00
patt irva – 10:20
kAl kammi padiraDD – 11:45

Tulu: gaNTae EtAND?
English: What time is it?
Kannada: gaNTe eshTAytu?

Tulu: nAl patt AND
English: It’s four ten.
Kannada: nAlku hattu Aytu

Tulu: yAn raDD gaNTae muTa kApuvae
English: I will wait till 2 o’clock.
Kannada: nAnu eraDu gaNTe varege kAyuttEne

Tulu: yAn raDD gaNTae kApuvae English: I will wait for 2 hours.
Kannada: nAnu eraDu gaNte kAyuttEne

Tulu: Aye onji gaNTeg barpe
English: He will come at 1 o’clock.
Kannada: avanu ondu gaNTege baruttAne

Tulu: Aye onji gaNTeD barpe
English: He will come in an hour.
Kannada: avanu ondu gaNTeyalli baruttAne

Tulu: Aye onji gaNTedulai (gaNTeda + ulai) barpe
English: He will come within an hour.
Kannada: avanu ondu gaNTe oLage baruttAne

Tulu: yAn Epola kANDae El gaNTeg lakkuvae
English: I always wake up at 7 0’clock in the morning.
Kannada: nAnu yAvAgalU beLagge ELu gaNTege ELuttEne

Tulu: enma gaNTeg sAleg pOpae
English: I go to school at 8 o’clock.
Kannada: eNTu gaNTege shAlege hogtEne

New words:

kai - hand
ari - rice
mEji - Table
tArae - coconut tree
tArai - coconut
pustaka/bUku - book
kuDa - again
kuDora - once more/once again
kammi - less
muTa - till
ulai - inside

Click here to go to Vocabulary page.

All right! With this we come to the end of lesson 6. See you next week!


solmelu!

5 comments:

  1. Thanks Kiran. Here are a few questions :

    1. Will "50th" be "aivane" or "aivattane" like in Kannada ?
    2. What to you say for "last" ? I mean the opposite of "suruta".
    3. Is "onji-sarti" also a valid way of telling "once" ? Or should we only use "ora" ?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. 1. "50th" - "aivane"

      2. suruta opposite is kaDeta
      suru - first
      kaDae/akhEri - last
      suruku - at first
      kaDek - at last
      kaDettAye - the last one

      3. Yes, "onji-sarti" also a valid way of telling "once" , but 'ora' is used most commonly

      Delete
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    ReplyDelete
    Replies
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